Luke 19-20~ Oh, Jerusalem... 😰

The short little paragraph describing the grief Jesus had when looking at Jerusalem, can get lost in our feelings of celebration as we read about his triumphal entry into Jerusalem.  This time reading through the short paragraph (19:41-44), it hit me hard when I read that Jesus wept because I noticed how Jesus (in Luke's account) sandwiched that scene of him weeping over Jerusalem with two parables explaining why.

The first piece of bread, so to speak, is Jesus telling the parable of the king and the ten servants,  "But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them-bring them here and kill them in front of me."(19:27). The other side of the sandwich is the parable of the vineyard, with Jesus saying, "What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them?  He will come and kill those tenants and give the vineyard to others." (20:16)

The people of Jerusalem were the enemies of the king in the first parable and the tenants in the second parable.  In essence, Jesus gave three warnings (including him clearly stating, "the days will come when your enemies will...crush you" (19:43), telling them they were going to be punished for not "recognizing the time when God visited" them. (19:44).

It's understandable that he would weep!  We readers today get the why and how, of the discipline.  Jesus gives a vivid description of what was to happen 40 years after his crucifixion.  (Matt. 24:15-32, Mark 13:14-31 & Luke 21:20-32)

Like I mentioned in a previous post, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, was an eyewitness to the atrocities inflicted on Jerusalem by the Roman army in 70AD.  It was bad!  In fact, he unknowingly  used the words that Jesus used about the distress, "the kind that hasn't taken place from the beginning of the world...." (Matt. 24:21) when he (Josephus) wrote, "That neither did any other city suffer such miseries, nor did any age ever breed a generation more fruitful in wickedness that (then) this was, from the beginning of the world."
For full writings of Josephus see:

It's no wonder that Jesus wept over Jerusalem (19:41).  It made me sad to read that Jesus cried, but I understood since I have read the why and how of what he was sad about.  He knew the people would be punished severely.  I could weep too thinking of the horror!


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